Surrounding the seal is a circular banner containing 19 stars denoting Minnesota as the 19th state to join the union after the original 13 colonies.
As was the case in neighboring Louisiana, as many as seven different flags of sovereign nations have flown over the territory known now as Mississippi. When Mississippi seceded from the Union, the leaders adopted the Magnolia flag in January of This design incorporated a magnolia tree on a white field with its canton corner made up of a white star on a blue field the Bonnie Blue flag.
Mississippi became part of the Confederacy in March of that year and flew its flag until the State Legislature adopted its present-day flag in This flag has the Confederate battle flag in its canton corner instead of the Bonnie Blue design with a field made up of equal bars of blue, white, and red at the bottom.
In , a proposal to remove the Confederate battle flag was soundly defeated by Mississippi voters, keeping the original design. As the second state to be carved from the territory acquired from France in the Louisiana Purchase, Missouri joined the Union as the 24th state in Like many of its neighboring states, the state of Missouri was deeply divided on the issue of secession.
During this troubled time, the state militia carried a flag bearing the Missouri coat of arms showing a Bald Eagle with olive branches peace and arrows war , a grizzly bear, and a crescent moon. The Montana state flag, officially adopted in , was born of the initiative of Colonel Harry C. Kessler in Colonel Kessler, head of the 1st Montana Infantry a group of volunteers recruited to fight in the Spanish-American War , created a flag to distinguish his men from other forces. Upon their return, the flag grew in popularity and was officially honored in minus the Infantry headline.
The state of Nebraska is typically known as being one of the last states to officially adopt a State Flag, which it finally did in As was popular in the 19th century, many regimental flags, which were made up of the state seal on a blue background, became unofficially recognized as the state flag. Such was the case in Nebraska until Representative J. The state of Nevada, the 36th to join the Union, has had several flags during its history. The gold and silver stars were resized and rearranged in an oval around the Coat of Arms. Since this flag was expensive to reproduce, a design contest was held in to come up with a flag that would be more economical to produce.
The background was still blue, but gone was the Coat of Arms. Finally, in , the legislature corrected the error and further defined the background as cobalt blue. The New Hampshire legislature officially adopted a state flag in , although several regimental flags represented the state prior to that.
The New Hampshire state flag, in use since , appears with the State Seal on a deep blue background. On the seal is the frigate USS Raleigh in front of the rising sun. The Raleigh, built in as one of the first 13 warships to fight the British in the Revolutionary War, is sailing near a large gray granite boulder. A wreath of yellow laurel leaves interspersed with nine stars surrounds the seal. The New Hampshire state flag has been changed one time in by the legislature to add more specific detail to the elements of the State Seal.
Although the New Jersey legislature did not officially recognize its state flag as such until , its design and use can be traced back to The year before, General George Washington had directed that the color of the coats for his regiment be dark blue faced with buff light yellow-brown , in honor of the original Dutch settlers. New Jersey regiments of the Civil War period carried two flags: one representing the United States and one featuring the state coat of arms in the center on the regimental color.
The coat of arms, designed in by Pierre Eugene du Simitiere, is composed of a blue shield with three plows on it supported by two goddesses on either side. On the left, the Goddess of Liberty is holding a staff with the cap of freedom on it; Ceres, the Goddess of Agriculture, is on the right holding a cornucopia full of food. In , the Daughters of the American Revolution sponsored a competition to create a new design for a state flag.
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Harry Mera, a physician and archeologist from Santa Fe, won the contest with an interpretation of a Zia sun symbol discovered on a 19th century water jar found at the Zia Pueblo. The sun symbol contains four groups of rays at right angles with four rays in each group, with the inner rays longer than the outer ones. Four is a sacred number for the Zia Indians, repeating itself in the rays radiating from the center of the sun, which symbolizes the Circle of Life.
The sun is red in the center of a yellow background, colors chosen to honor the Spanish explorers who came to Mexico in the s.
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As early as , New York militia regulations called for the coat of arms to appear on a white background as the state flag. In , the legislature adopted a law changing the white to buff to match the facing color of the uniforms worn by the troops serving in the Continental Army. However, since the custom at the time was for regimental flags to display the coat of arms on a blue background, the New York state legislature adopted a blue background in On the coat of arms, which was adopted in , are two goddesses supporting a shield with a sun rising over two ships sailing the Hudson River.
On the left, Liberty is dressed in blue holding a staff with the cap of freedom on it and a discarded crown at her feet, symbolizing freedom from British control. The Goddess Justice, in gold, stands on the right wearing a blindfold and holding the scale of justice. Above the shield is an American eagle perched on a globe showing the Western hemisphere. North Dakota, which became the 39th state to join the Union in , outfitted infantry regiments during the Spanish-American War and the Phillipine Island Insurrection in the late s. The regimental flag carried into battle was made up of a field of deep blue with a Bald Eagle clutching an olive branch representing peace and arrows representing liberty in its claws.
Above the eagle is a yellow fan in the shape of a sunburst containing an array of 13 yellow stars representing the birth of a nation. The Ohio State Flag, officially adopted in , is the only American state flag that is not rectangular in shape. Based on the pennant flown by the Ohio cavalry during both the Civil and Spanish-American Wars, its swallowtail shape is technically known as a burgee.
Designed by John Eisemann for the Pan-American Exposition, the Ohio burgee is made up of a large blue triangle representing the hills and valleys of the state and five alternating red and white stripes representing its roads and waterways. Within the triangle are 17 stars around a large white circle with a red center. The first Oklahoma State Flag was adopted in , four years after Oklahoma became the 46th state to join the Union. Remarkably, prior to that as many as 14 different flags flew proudly over what is now the state of Oklahoma, including the flag of Great Britain, Spain, France, Mexico, and the Choctaw Indian Nation to name a few.
So in , a contest was held to come up with a new design to represent the unity of its Native American and European-American cultures. The winner of the contest sponsored by the Daughters of the American Revolution was Mrs. Louise Fluke, and her design featured an Osage Nation buffalo-skin shield with seven eagle feathers hanging from it.
On the shield are an olive branch and a peace pipe, symbols of peace to Europeans and Native Americans, and six white crosses represent stars, symbolizing high ideals to Native American cultures. The shield is centered on a blue background, the color based on the flag carried by Choctaw soldiers during the Civil War. The state name in white letters was added to the design in , and in the Oklahoma legislature added specific detail to the coloring of the flag.
Adopted in , Oregon has the only state flag with a different design on each side. Both sides are navy with a design in gold, with the reverse side featuring a beaver the state animal.
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The stars and date denote Oregon as the 33rd state to join the Union in The ships, a British ship departing and an American trade vessel arriving, symbolize commerce and the emergence of the United States as a new power. As the second state to join the Union in , Pennsylvania authorized its first State Flag in composed of the State Coat of Arms on a deep blue field.
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On the shield are a ship, a plough, and three sheaves of wheat with a corn stalk and an olive branch below. As the last of the original 13 colonies to join the Union, it took the state of Rhode Island over years to formally adopt a state flag. It was the third state to do so, after New York and New Jersey.
On a white field is a gold anchor encircled by 13 gold stars representing the 13 original colonies. The stars and anchor are outlined in the same blue. The colors blue and white were carried over from flags flown by Rhode Island regiments during the American Revolution, the War of , and the Mexican War.
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While the crescent shape on the South Carolina flag is considered by many to symbolize the moon, it actually is representative of the crescent shape on the front of the caps worn by Revolutionary War soldiers from SC. The soft wood of the palmetto was able to absorb the force of the cannon balls launched by British ships keeping the soldiers safe.
South Dakota adopted its first state flag in , a decade after achieving statehood. On the reverse side was the Great Seal of the State of South Dakota picturing a steamboat on a river with a farmer plowing a field in the foreground and mountains in the distance. In , a National Geographic magazine article explained that the three stars on the Tennessee flag characterized the fact that TN was the third state to be admitted into the Union after the original thirteen.
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The creator of the flag, Capt. LeRoy Reeves, admitted after the article was circulated that this fact had nothing to do with his design. Rather, Capt. Reeves utilized the stars to represent the three different regions of the state of Tennessee: West, Middle, and East. The design of the Texas flag is based on the principles of the state itself. Seemingly simple in design, the Texas state flag incorporates many values that both Texans and Americans in general hold in the highest regard. The red, white, and blue colors used for the flag represent bravery, purity, and loyalty respectively.
The Lone Star flag was officially adopted in and each point of the star on the flag has been given an unofficial meaning.
The author Adina de Zavala described how each point stands for the characteristics of an outstanding citizen which are: fortitude, loyalty, righteousness, prudence, and broadmindedness. In , Utah adopted an official state flag consisting of a gold circle around the Great Seal of Utah, adopted in , which was the year Utah became the 45th state to join the Union. Centered on a dark blue background, the Seal is made up of the coat of arms featuring a beehive flanked by sego lilies, the state flower.
An eagle ready for flight perches on top of the coat of arms with six arrows beneath it. Two American flags flank the arms with their flagstaffs crossed to enclose two dates: , the year Brigham Young and his Mormon followers arrived in the Salt Lake Valley, and , the year of statehood. However, an error was made in placing the date beneath the arms on the Seal itself, and this design remains on the flag to this day. The money goes to the upkeep of the plaques, and the unveiling ceremony, livestreamed around the world. For some famous names, the ceremony is too much of a chore.
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